Toxicology And Forensic Pharmacy
This course will be both theoretical and practical. Theory will focus on facts about the toxic effects of drugs and their evaluation, and how drugs can be used rationally considering that despite their therapeutic role, drugs can be harmful to humans. The practical sessions in this course unit will focus mainly on demonstration and evaluation of toxic effects of drugs covered in the various course units as well as effects of poisonous substances used in day-to-day life.
This course is designed to introduce the student to the principles of toxicology and therapeutics. These two components are intentionally handled last to ensure the student has already handled all the basic and clinical pharmacology. It is intended to make students understand the harmful effects of therapeutic agents and poisonous substances, how the toxic effects of drugs can be managed so as to be able to use drugs rationally. Furthermore, some forensic aspects of pharmacy are highlighted.
This course aims at producing a medical student equipped with both theoretical and practical understanding of the harmful effects of medicines/drugs and poisons, recognition and treatment of toxic effects of drugs and poisons, and rational use of drugs in the community.
EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
On completion of this course, a student should be able to:
1. Define the general terms used in toxicology and forensic pharmacy.
2. Describe the various fields of toxicology.
3. Describe the major factors considered in safety evaluation of drugs
4. Explain the principles used in management of poisoned patients.
5. Describe the prevention and control of poisoning.
6. Discuss the management of patients poisoned by pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical substances.
7. Describe toxic effects of drugs and other chemicals on the human body systems
8. Be able to manage/treat toxic effects of drugs and other chemicals in patients.
9. Be able to conduct basic experiments on toxicity, and effects on enzymes
10. Discuss forensic aspects in pharmacy practice.