Introduction To Phonetics And Phonology
A teacher of English requires a high level of proficiency in what constitutes the sound system of the language. One of the basic requirements in this is a prior mastery of the sounds and how these are manipulated in forming the words and sentences found in English. This necessitates a basic foundation in general phonetic principles which underpin the phonology or sound system of any language. Without a basic knowledge of phonetics and phonology a teacher of English remains an amateur in talking about the specifics of the sound system of the language.
This is a general introduction to the principles and techniques basic in the analysis of a language at both the phonetic and phonological levels. At the phonetic level emphasis is put on such aspects as how speech sounds are produced, described and categorized while at the phonological level emphasis is on how English exploits specific sounds to constitute its sound system. The formulation of generalizations to account for basic regularities at word level in English is an integral part of this course.
- To impart the basic concerns of phonetics such as the description, categorization and transcription of speech sounds.
- To impart the basics in phonology, most especially, how basic units, such as phonemes, are established and how they are combined to constitute words in English.
- To demonstrate any regularities and/or constraints pertaining when sounds are put together to constitute words in English.
COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of the course unit, learners should able to:
- Demonstrate basic awareness of the concerns, similarities and differences between phonetics and phonology.
- Describe, categorize, transcribe the major speech sounds.
- Establish contrastive units as well as their variants in English.
- Show awareness of the constraints and regularities when English sound units are put together in constituting words.