Courses Catalogue

Physiology I

COURSE CODE: DHY 1102
COURSE CREDIT UNIT: 3
ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Clinical Medicine and Community Health, Diploma
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Allied Health Sciences
STATUS: Core
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Content and Outline

I) Lectures (20 hours)
i) Introduction to physiological concepts (6 hours)
a)    Descriptive terms and units
b)    Properties of physiological solutions
c)    Concept of homeostasis and normal physiology
d)    Cell structure and function
e)    Exchange of materials across cell membranes.
f)    Cell physiology and human genetics.
g)    Body fluids and compartments
h)    Intravascular and extravascular compartments
i)    Interstitial fluid composition, function and disorders

ii) Tissues (5 hours) a) Classification 
b)    Epithelial tissue; Functional organization; Functions and disorders of lining epithelia, Mucous and serous membranes, General physiology of exocrine and endocrine glands, Description examples of and functions of connective tissue
c)    Blood and blood components;Blood composition and functions, Plasma, serum, formed elements and the immune system,Physiology of blood of blood group and blood group serology, Blood coagulation and hemostasis.

iii) Lymphatic system (2 hours)
a)    Lymph (description and composition) 
b)    Lymph  vessels(Location and functions)
c)    Lymph nodes(structure and functions)
d)    Lymphoid organs (functions)
e)    Mucosa associated Lymphoid tissues

iv)    Cardiovascular system (6 hours)
a)    Functional organization of the heart and the blood vessels
b)    Physics of flow in tubes and haemodynamics
c)    The cardiac cycle
d)    Electrical activity of the heart and the electrocardiogram
e)    Blood volume, cardiac output and blood pressure
f)    Integrated control mechanisms.
g)    Response to exercise and training
h)    Haemorrhage and shock.
i)    Fetal and neonatal circulation
j)    Circulation through special regions

v)    Respiratory system (4 hours)
a)    Functional organization
b)    Breathing, ventilation, lung volumes and capacities. 
c)    Alveolar function
d)    Air-blood barrier
e)    Pulmonary circulation and ventilation perfusion ratios
f)    Integrated control mechanisms and acid base balance
g)    Non respiratory functions of the lungs

vi)    Gastrointestinal system (5 hours)
a)    Functional organization and design
b)    Humoral and neuromyogenic control of regional gut functions
c)    Gut motility and secretion
d)    Gastrointestinal intrinsic and extrinsic glands
e)    Basic nutrition and regional metabolism
f)    Appetite and satiety: regulation of food and water intake
g)    Digestion, absorption, and assimilation
h)    Liver and the biliary system

vii) The urinary system (3 Hours)
a)    Functional organization of the urinary system Kidney, cortex and medulla
b)    The nephron and its functions; Osmoregulation, Acid-base and electrolyte balance and the kidney. 
c)    Concept of glomerular filtration rate and renal clearance. 
d)    Hormonal functions of the kidney
e)    Integrated regulation of blood osmolality, volume and pressure
f)    Autoregulatory control mechanisms
g)    Functional organization of the urinary bladder and micturition reflex

II) Tutorials (10 hours) 
a)    Cardiovascular system examination(4 hours)
b)    Abdominal examination(2 hours)
c)    Respiratory system examination(4 hours)
III) Practicals (30 hours) 
i) Introduction to practicals and laboratory rules and regulations (3 hours)

ii) Blood
a)    Determination of Packed cell volume( 3 hours)
b)    Determination of Heamoglobin content of blood (3 hours)
c)    Determination of blood groups (3 hours)
d)    Determination of the rhesus group of an individual (3 hours)

iii) Cardiovascular system
Measurement of blood pressure and pulse (3 hours) iv) Respiratory system 
Determination of lung volumes (6 hours) v) Urinary system 
a)    Glucose concentration test (3 hours)
b)    Protein concentration test (3 hours)

Teaching/Learning methods 
a)    Lectures/Overviews
b)    Tutorials and Seminars
c)    Practical classes/ Skills laboratories
d)    Laboratory practicals

Teaching/Learning materials
a)    Physiology laboratory equipments
b)    Physiology practical Log books
c)    Physiology text Books
d)    CD projectors 
e)    Physiology Charts/models