Public Health I [primary Health Care]
Primary care is the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. In this course students are introduced to philosophies and models of primary health care. The course details the elements, principles and pillars of primary health care and details how primary health care can be used as model for equitable health care delivery.
Clinical officers are primary health care workers that ought to use primary health care approach in providing health services. The primary health care approach embraces five types of care: promotive; preventive; curative; rehabilitative; and supportive/palliative. In delivering each type of care, under the primary health care approach, the focus is on preventing illness and promoting health. The primary health care approach is effective in responding to the needs of various client groups from individuals through families and communities to populations. Therefore clinical officer trainees ought to undergo training in the PHC approach in order to use it appropriately.
The aim of teaching PHC is enable the learn acquire knowledge, skills and attitude necessary for planning, implementing monitoring and evaluation PHC activities.
Course Learning outcomes
After this cource, the trainees should be able to:
a) Define Primary Health Care.
b) Enumerate the components of PHC
c) Describe the levels at which PHC active are carried out
d) Explain the concepts of community based health care
e) Describe the role of a community health worker (CHW) in PHC.
f) Discuss the need for integrating various health services within PHC.
g) Enumerate the common operational problems in implementing PHC.
h) Described the role a medical clinical officers in PHC
i) Discuss factors that influence the successful implementation of PHC.
j) Demonstration ability to plan, implements, monitors and evaluates PHC activities
k) Demonstrate ability to carry out community diagnosis and write a report