Courses Catalogue

Basic Nursing

COURSE CODE: BAN 1204
COURSE CREDIT UNIT: 5
ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Clinical Medicine and Community Health, Diploma
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Allied Health Sciences
STATUS: Core
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Content and Outline

I) Lectures (40 Hours)
i) Nursing Process (5 Hours)
a)    Assessment:Tollecting Nursing Health history,Performing Physical examination,Collecting laboratory data,Validating data,Clustering data,Documenting data
b)    Nursing diagnosis:Identifying clients problems,Formulating Nursing diagnosis,Documenting Nursing diagnosis
c)    Planning:Identifying clients goals,Establishing expected outcomes,Selecting
Nursing actions,Consulting,Delegating actions
d)    Implementation:Performing Nursing actions,Reassessing client,Reviewing and modifying existing care plan
e)    Evaluation: Comparing client response to expected outcome, Analyzing reasons for results and conclusions, Modifying care plan

ii) Medical asepsis/infection control ( 3  Hours)
a)    Chain of infection
b)    Definition of medical asepsis:  Hand-washing
c)    Standard precautions
d)    Category Specific Isolation precautions; Airborne ,Droplet,Contact,Protective
e)    Donning apparel
f)    Infection control:  Management of equipment

iii) Body mechanics; activity and mobility (2 Hours)
a)    Principles of body mechanics
b)    Moving/transferring
c)    Positioning
d)    Ambulation

iv) Bed making (4 Hours)
a)    Concepts
b)    Types: Unoccupied,occupied,surgical,cardiac 
c)    Procedures
d)    Positions used in nursing:Cardiac,Recumbent or supine,Sitting up,Left lateral position and sim‟s position,Prone, semi-prone,Lithotomy and trendelendurg
e)    Principles of moving, lifting and turning a patient;Moving a helpless patient up in bed‟Moving a patient from the stretcher or trolley to the bed‟Lifting a patient from a bed to a chair,Equipment used in positioning and lifting

v)    Personal hygiene (3  Hours)
a)    Bathing:PurposeTypes(Cleansing, therapeutic),Procedure
b)    Perineal care;Procedure:   Men; women,Elimination,Bedpan; urinalCondo,catheter
c)    Oral care;Assessment,Brushing,Denture care
d)    Hair care;Grooming/Brushing/Combing,Shaving
e)    Foot/nail care
f)    Ear care
g)    Eye care
h)    Anti embolic prevention;Purpose,Assessment,Interventions:  Exercise; stockings, sequential compression devices

vi)    Vital signs (4 Hours)
a)    Body temperature; Temperature regulating systems:  Radiation, conduction, evaporation, convection; Temperature ranges, Methods of measuring:  Rectal, axillary, tympanic, oral, procedure 
b)    Pulse; ranges. procedures
c)    Blood pressure; ranges, procedures

vii)    Feeding a patient by tube (2 Hours)
a)    Indications for tube feeding
b)    Types of nasogastric tubes
c)    Complications of tube feeding
d)    Techniques of passing NG tubes and care

viii)    Patients fluid and electrolyte balance (2 Hours)
a)    Normal distribution of water in different body compartments
b)    Major ways of fluid and electrolyte intake and output
c)    Clinical features of common fluid and electrolyte imbalance
d)    Intravenous infusions
e)    Care of a patient on intravenous infusion and blood transfusion

ix)    Meeting a patient’s need for elimination (4 Hours)
a)    Bowel elimination
b)    Use and care of bed pans and obtaining stool specimen
c)    Caring for a patient with constipation, fecal impaction
d)    Giving of enema, passing flatus tube
e)    Caring for a patient with diarrhea
f)    Caring for a patient with fecal incontinence
g)    Giving and removing urinals
h)    Catheterization, bladder washout and irrigation
i)    Care for a patient with double incontinence

x)    Preparation of patients for (2 Hours) 
a)    Lumber puncture
b)    Bone marrow puncture
c)    Liver biopsy
d)    X-ray

xii)    Collection of special for laboratory examination (2 Hours)
a)    Blood
b)    Sputum
c)    Urine
d)    Stool

xiii)    Managing patient’s environment (2 Hours)
a)    principles and methods of cleaning hospital wards and equipment
b)    disposal of refuse and management of contaminated articles

xiv)    Admission of patients (4 Hours)
a)    Types of admission
b)    Observations during admission
c)    History taking during admission
d)    Orientation of patient/care take to ward routine and facilities
e)    Transfer of patients
f)    Introduction of hospital staffs

II)    Tutorials (20 hours)
a)    The nursing process(4 Hours)
b)    Vital signs(4 Hours)
c)    Bed Making(4 hours)
d)    Fluid and electrolyte balance sheet( 4 Hours) 
e)    Hand washing (2 hour)
f)    Wearing gloves(2 hour) 

III)    clinicals/practicals (75 Hours)
This will be a rotation on varous departments of the hospital in which students will coduct various nursing practicals filled in a log book 

Mode of delivery
a)    Lectures
b)    Discussion 
c)    Role plays
d)    Demonstrations and return demonstrations
e)    Supervised practice 
f)    Case Studies
g)    Clinical conference 
h)    Nursing clinical rotation 

Teaching/Learning materials
a)    Nursing  equipment
b)    Nursing  Practical Log books
c)    Nursing  text Books
d)    CD projectors 
e)    Nursing Charts/models