Courses Catalogue

Basic Microbiology & Parasitology

COURSE CODE: MCD 2101
COURSE CREDIT UNIT: 3
ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Clinical Medicine and Community Health, Diploma
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Allied Health Sciences
STATUS: Core
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Content and Outline

I) Lectures (30 Hours)

i)       Concepts of microbiology and parasitology (1 Hour)
a)        Definitions
b)        The historical background  of microbiology  and  Parasitology
c)        Classification of microorganisms

ii)     Bacteria and bacterial diseases (10 Hours)
a)        Structure, composition, metabolism, physiology and regulation of bacteria.
b)        Principles of bacterial genetics.
c)        Pathophysiology of bacterial infection, virulence.
d)       Pathogenic bacteria: Gram positive, Gram negative, Acid fast bacilli,
e)        Enterobactericceae: Anaerobes.Other bacteria, Spirochetes, rickettsiae, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma.
f)         Public health bacteriology: Epidemiology and ecology.
g)        Bacteriology of food, water and sewage, food poisoning.

iii)   Viruses and viral infections (6 Hours)
a)        Definitions and terminology
b)        Classification, general properties related to viral families, physical and chemical properties.
c)        Replication and cultivation of viruses
d)       Host response to viral infections
e)        Molecular basis of pathogenesis
f)         Latent and persistent infections

iii)   Mycology (4 Hours)
a)      Definitions and terminology
b)      Classification of medically important fungi
c)      Epidemiology, structure, pathogenesis of common fungal infections

iv)    Medical parasitology (8 Hours)
a)      Definitions and terminology
b)      Taxonomy and classifications of medically important parasites
c)      Life cycles, epidemiology, pathogenesis, host response of diseases caused by nematodes, cestodes and trematodes
d)     Life cycles, epidemiology, pathogenesis of diseases caused by protozoan parasites including blood protozoa, gastrointestinal protozoa and tissue protozoa

v)      Medical entomology (4 Hours)
a)      Medically important vectors of parasitic infections.
b)      Ecology, physiology, population biodynamic, vectoral capacity and control.

II) Practicals (30 Hours)
a)      Identification of parasites
b)      Collection of stool samples
c)      Analysis of stool samples for intestinal parasites
d)     Blood parasites
e)      Preparation of thick and thin blood films
f)       Staining and examination of both thin and thick blood films for malaria and other heamoparasites

Teaching/Learning methods
a)      Lectures/Overviews
b)      Tutorials and Seminars
c)      Practical classes/ Skills laboratories
d)     Laboratory practicals

Teaching/Learning materials
a)      Microbiology laboratory equipments
b)      Microbiology practical Manuals/log books
c)      Microbiology  text Books
d)     CD projectors
e)      Microbiology  Charts/models