Basic Pharmacology builds on the knowledge obtained in other biomedical sciences such as Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry by introducing the students to the fundamentals of Pharmacology including topics such as the actions, reactions and interactions of medications; how medications are absorbed, distributed, metabolized and excreted; how patient variables such as age, size and comorbidities affect responses to medication; and the principles and processes of safe drug administration.
Pharmacology does not only catalogue the biological effects that result from the administration of chemical substances but also serves two purposes; provides an understanding of normal and abnormal human physiology and biochemistry through the application of drugs as experimental tools and applies to clinical medicine the information gained from fundamental investigation and observation. As clinician who prescribes medicines, the cinical officer trainee therefore needs the knowledge of basic pharmacology to prepare his/her prescription competences.
The course is designed to develop an understanding of the theoretical concepts surrounding pharmacology as the basis for curative medicine.
Course Learning Outcomes
At the completion of this course, the student will be able to:
a) Describe and explain the basic principles governing the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic action of drugs.
b) Classify adverse drug reactions and describe pharmacogenetic factors that affect the patient‟s response to drug effects.
c) Describe the effects of various autacoids and identify the clinically important autacoids and their roles.
d) Describe the effects of various autacoids and identify the clinically important autacoids and their roles.
e) Classify drugs used to modify and treat conditions affecting the functioning of the autonomic nervous system.
f) Perform basic experimental techniques involving effects of drugs on the autonomic nervous system