Courses Catalogue

Applied Microbiology And Parasitology

ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Clinical Medicine and Community Health, Diploma
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Allied Health Sciences
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Content and Outline

i) Bacteria and bacterial diseases (10 Hours)

a)      Antibiotics and chemotherapy of bacterial infections.
b)      Principles and methods of sterilization and disinfection.
c)      Pathogenic bacteria: Gram positive, Gram negative, Acid fast bacilli,
d)     Enterobactericceae:  Anaerobes. Other bacteria, Spirochetes, rickettsiae, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma.
e)      Bacteriology of food, water and sewage, food poisoning.
f)       Clinical microbiology: systemic infections, upper respiratory and lower respiratory tract infections, central nervous system infections, septicemia and endocarditic, gastrointestinal infections, urinary tract infections
g)      Collection and handling of clinical specimens: body fluids including CSF, urine, blood, sputum, stool, wound genitourinary specimens
h)      Principles of laboratory diagnosis: microscopy and microbiological methods, isolation and identification of pathogenic organisms, antibiotic sensitivity testing, interpretation.

ii)       Viruses and viral infections (5 Hours)
a)       Pathogenic viruses: DNA viruses, RNA viruses.
b)      Viral syndrome, HIV /AIDS and other viral sexually transmitted diseases, emerging viral infections including SARS.
c)       Viral childhood fevers.
d)      Viral CNS infections.
e)       Viral skin manifestations.
f)       Anti-retroviral agents and mechanisms of action (this section could be dealt with in pharmacology / internal medicine).

iii)     Mycology (5 Hours)
a)       Classification of medically important fungi.
b)      Epidemiology diagnosis, treatment and control of: superficial and cutaneous mycosis: dermatophytes and non dermatophytes, systemic, subcutaneous and deep mycoses, mycetoma, yeast infections, Candida and Cryptococcus, mycotoxins.

 iv)     Medical parasitology (6 Hours)
a)       Taxonomy and classifications of medically important parasites.
b)      Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and control of diseases caused by nematodes, cestodes and trematodes.
c)       Epidemiology clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and control of diseases caused by protozoan parasites including blood protozoa, gastrointestinal protozoa and tissue protozoa.
d)      Emerging parasitic disease in immune-suppressive states (HIV / AIDS)
e)       Laboratory methods, collection and handling of clinical specimens, identification of pathogenic organisms.
v)       Medical entomology(4 Hours)
c)      Medically important vectors of parasitic infections
d)     Ectoparasites, blow flies, bot flies, venomous bites and stings
e)      Laboratory methods: collection, handling of clinical specimens, identification of pathogenic organisms

II) Practicals (30 Hours)
These will be mainly about collection analysis and interpretation of microbiological specimen.

Teaching/Learning methods
a)      Lectures/Overviews
b)      Tutorials and Seminars
c)      Practical classes/ Skills laboratories
d)     Laboratory practicals

Teaching/Learning materials
a)      Microbiology laboratory equipment
b)      Microbiology practical Manuals/log books
c)      Microbiology  text Books
d)     CD projectors
e) Microbiology  Charts/models