Courses Catalogue

Public Health V [environmental Health]

COURSE CODE: PHD 2206
COURSE CREDIT UNIT: 3
ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Clinical Medicine and Community Health, Diploma
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Allied Health Sciences
STATUS: Core
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Content and Outline

I) Lectures (30 Hours)

i)     Principles of Environmental Health (2 Hours)
Historical perspective, Relationship between environment, agent and human beings (susceptible host), Environmental factors and the health implications.

ii)   Water and Health (8 Hours)
a)      Sources and types of water. The importance of potable water in relation to health. The health implications in terms of quality and quantity, water bone, water washed, water based diseases, control measures in reduction of morbidity and mortality rates.
b)      Biochemical Water Related Health Conditions: Fluorides in water, dental and skeletal fluorosis conditions, Implications of fluoridation and de-fluoridation of drinking water, appropriate interventions.
c)      Water Treatment: Rural and urban water treatment processes, Quality control tests, WHO  drinking water guidelines /standards, Local Water Act requirements. iii) Solid and liquid Waste management (8 Hours)
a)      Sources and types of water, the importance of portable water in relation to health. The health implications in terms of quality and quantity, waterborne, water washed, water based diseases, control measures in reduction of morbidity and mortality rates.
b)      Biochemical Water Related Health Conditions: Fluorides in water, dental and skeletal fluorosis conditions. Implications of fluoridation and de-fluoridation of drinking water, appropriate interventions.
c)      Water Treatment: Rural and urban water treatment processes, Quality control tests, WHO drinking water guidelines / standards, Local Water Act requirements.

iv) Solid and liquid waste management (6 Hours)
a)      Classification of solid wastes, generation points (sources) and storage, collection, transportation and disposal systems: health problems associated with solid wastes.
b)      Human Excreta Disposal methods: Rural excreta disposal methods, Health implications of each system, advantages and disadvantages of each system, intervention methods.
c)      Municipal and county Excreta disposal systems: peri-urban and urban (municipal) excreta disposal systems, health implications for each system. Appropriate control measures.

v) Pollution (4 Hours)
a)      Physical pollution i.e. noise radiation, light, sources of physical pollution, health impacts and control measures, sources and types of air pollution, impact on environmental and health, legislative controls, control measures, water and land pollution, sources of pollutants and their health impacts, control measures,
b)      Rural Agricultural / Environmental pollutants

vi) Human shelter Environmental and health (2 hours)
Human shelter and shelter needs; Diseases associated with poor/ unsanitary shelter environment, possible control measures II) Practical/Field Placement (30 Hours)
Students will undergo field placement to appreciate various environmental practices including;
a)      Water treatment
b)      Solid and liquid waste disposal
c)      Excreta disposal
d)     Housing

Teaching/learning methods
a)      Lectures
b)      Tutorials
c)      Course work
d)     Role-plays and simulation sessions
e)      Student presentations
f)       Directed and independent self-study

Teaching/learning Materials
a)      Whiteboard and markers
b)      LCD projector
c)      Environmental charts
d)     Environmental Health projects in the community including; Water treatment plants,Latrines,Sewage treatment plants, Households