Courses Catalogue

Introductory Solid State Physics

COURSE CODE: PHY2101
COURSE CREDIT UNIT: 3
ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Physics BSc
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Natural and Applied Sciences
STATUS: Core
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Description

COURSE DESCRIPTION

 

Introduction to the Physics of solids, Crystal structure and symmetry, X-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, metals and semiconductors, superconductivity, thermal properties, magnetic properties, and dielectric and optical properties.

 

COURSE JUSTIFICATION/RATIONALE

 

This course gives a basic introduction to solid state physics. You will learn how special properties of metals (e.g. high thermal and electrical conductivity) can be explained. It also introduces the electronic properties of semiconductors and semiconductor devices.

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

By the end of this course, the student should be able to:

  • explain the following basic concepts underlying the topics in solid state Physics: (i) crystal symmetry, (ii) reciprocal lattice and the first Brillouin zone in k space, and (iii) the quantum behavior of electrons, Pauli's exclusion principle, and the Fermi-Dirac distribution function.
  • Use these basic concepts to explain crystal structure, x-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, behavior of electrons in metals and semiconductors, superconductivity, and thermal, magnetic, dielectric and optical properties of materials.
  • Show their understanding of these topics and their underlying concepts by solving problems using a variety of mathematical tools.

 

LEARNING OUTCOMES

 

A student completing the course is expected to:

§  Describe the factors that influence the flow of charge in semiconductors

§  Describe the operation of semiconductor devices

§  Develop analytical approaches to understanding complex physical systems

§  Apply appropriate mathematical techniques to solve semiconductor problems

§  Apply appropriate techniques to solve semiconductor device problems