Courses Catalogue

Nuclear Physics

COURSE CODE: PHY3102
COURSE CREDIT UNIT: 3
ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Physics, Bachelor
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Natural and Applied Sciences
STATUS: Core
PROGRAMME TYPE: Undergraduate

Course Content and Outline

COURSE CONTENT

 

UNIT I - ATOMIC STRUCTURE                                                                         (9 HOURS)

§  Thomson model of atom - Rutherford’s experiment-scattering of alpha particles and Rutherford model of atom - Bohr model of the atom - Bohr’s theory of hydrogen spectrum - Spectral series and energy levels of hydrogen atom - Bohr’s correspondence principle - Quantization of angular momentum - Elliptical orbits-Wilson-Somerfield quantization theory - Zeeman effect - Raman effect – Vector atom model - Quantum numbers associated with vector atom model – Coupling schemes - application of vector atom model - Pauli’s exclusion principle - Electronic structure in atoms - Fine structure of spectral lines – Experimental conformation of vector atom model-Stern and Gerlach experiment – Wave mechanical atom model.

 

UNIT II - INTERACTION OF CHARGED PARTICLES AND NEUTRONS WITH MATTER                                                                                                   (9 HOURS)

§  Charged particles - Energy dependence - Bragg curve - Electrons - Gamma rays -Photoelectric effect - Compton scattering - Pair production – Attenuation – Neutrons - Neutron moderation - Nuclear detectors - GM counter – Scintillation counter - Cloud chamber - Spark chamber - Nuclear emulsions.

 

UNIT III – RADIOACTIVITY                                                                  (9 HOURS)

§  Early discoveries - Properties - Alpha particles as nucleus of Helium atom, counting of alpha particles - Range of alpha particles in gases - Geiger and Nuttal experiment - Geiger- Nuttal law - Radioactive transformation – Rutherford and Soddy theory - half-life period - Average life period - Theory of alpha disintegration- Neutrino theory of beta decay - Continuous energy spectrum of beta rays - Nuclear isomerism - discovery of neutron - Artificial radioactivity - Radioisotopes - Medical applications of radio isotopes.

 

UNIT IV - STRUCTURE OF NUCLEI                                                    (9 HOURS)

§  Structure of nucleus - Proton-electron hypothesis and its failure - Proton –Neutron hypothesis - Nuclear size - Electron volt – spin - Nuclear magnetic moment - Electric quadrupole moment - Atomic mass unit and binding energy – Mass defect and packing fraction - Deuteron binding energy - n-p scattering - p-p scattering - nuclear binding forces- Mesonic field.

 

UNIT V - NUCLEAR REACTIONS AND NUCLEAR ENERGY NUCLEAR REACTIONS                                                                                            (9 HOURS)

§  Introduction, Q value of a nuclear reaction – Nuclear reaction kinematics - Direct reactions. NUCLEAR ENERGY- Nuclear models - Liquid drop model - Shell model and magic numbers - Collective model – Optical or cloudy crystal ball model - Nuclear energy - Nuclear fission - Chain reaction -Nuclear reactors - Development of atomic power in India - Atom bomb – Nuclear fusion - Cosmic rays - Stellar energy-Carbon-Nitrogen cycle – Elementary particles - Transuranic elements.

 

MODE OF DELIVERY

  • Lectures and discussions
  • Experiments and laboratory activities
  • Laboratory reports
  • Reading and problem assignments

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND / OR EQUIPMENT

  • Whiteboard and Markers
  • Flip Charts
  • LCD Projectors
  • CDs, DVDs and Tapes