Introduction To Atmospheric Physics
This course covers the structure, composition and dynamics of the
Atmosphere, radiation and thermodynamics of the Atmosphere, and the Hydrosphere.
It also includes Atmospheric remote sensing, modelling,
This course is
given to students in order to study the structure, composition and dynamics of
By the end of this
course, the student should be able to:
§ describe the basic structure of an atmosphere and the
§ use fundamental thermodynamics to derive expressions
for the variation of temperature, pressure, and total density, by height.
§ Explain the concept of potential temperature and how
it relates to static stability.
§ Explain the components of the Earth radiation balance.
§ Discuss optical depth and transmission function.
§ Write down Schwarzschild’s equation of radiative
transfer and to solve it for both solar and thermal radiation streams under
§ Derive a simple model of the “greenhouse effect”.
§ Determine the forces acting on a parcel of air and
apply Newton’s 2nd Law to deduce the equations of motion for a compressible gas
on a rotating planet.
§ how to apply scale approximations to the equations of
motion (e.g., hydrostatic and geostrophic approximations).
§ derive the continuity equation and to calculate the
concentration of an atmospheric species being given the chemical reactions
§ identify the main anthropogenic and natural
constituents that influence the Earth’s climate.
completing the course is expected to:
§ verify the basic
composition, structure and dynamics of the atmosphere;
§ explain the
workings of the hydrologic cycle and discuss the mechanisms of water transport
in the atmosphere and in the ground;
§ identify the
different layers of the atmosphere
§ Describe how climate models can be used for weather
forecasting, climate simulation, and investigations of the causes of climate