Solar Radiation, Collectors And Solar Thermal Systems
The course introduces students to the characteristics of solar radiation and its global distribution. The principles of operation, structure, testing and installation of major types of solar thermal collectors are also covered. It further studies fundamentals and application of solar thermal systems for heating, cooling, power generation and other applications.
Thermal aspects of solar energy conversion. Solar radiation measurement and prediction. Selected topics in heat transfer. Flat plate and focusing collector analysis. Solar energy storage. Solar systems including hot water, space heating and cooling, distillation and thermal power conversion.
By the end of this course, the student should be able to:
- Describe the characteristics and world distribution of solar radiation and be able to apply solar radiation and measurement techniques.
- Apply methods of calculation of solar radiation availability at a given location.
- Describe the fundamentals of solar flat plate collectors and analyze its performance.
- Explain the fundamentals of concentrating solar collectors and analyze its performance.
- Familiarize with the solar low, medium and high temperature applications to explain solar passive heating and cooling.
- Discuss the fundamentals of design calculations and analysis of solar thermal systems.
- Explain the functioning and design of solar thermal cooling systems.
- Describe the basics of solar thermal technology for process heating applications.
- Discuss the fundamentals of design calculations and economics of solar power generation.
A doctoral student completing the course is expected to:
- Demonstrate the calculation of needed information from the available solar radiation data.
- Demonstrate ability to use the interaction of radiation and opaque and transparent materials to perform the analysis of the performance of different types of solar collectors.
- Demonstrate ability to develop mathematical models for collectors and storage units.
- Demonstrate ability to formulate collector circuits with controls and heat exchangers.
- Demonstrate ability to use solar energy to meet various energy needs particularly to buildings for heating, hot water, and cooling and for desalination.
- Demonstrate ability to give a professional and well-organized presentation of their design and analysis through the use of written and oral reports.