The course will cover modern management of wastes in developing countries like ours. It will consider solid wastes from industry, commerce and domestic sources. The concept of waste management hierarchy will be introduced and practical ways in which it might be implemented must be discussed. These include waste minimization, reuse, recycling and recovery as practical alternatives to disposal techniques. The technology and management strategies associated with such schemes will be dealt with in details and include: the design and operation of materials reclamation facilities; composting and anaerobic digestion and thermal treatment processes. How the selection of these options is influenced by legislative issues is developed in a parallel manner.
Urbanization coupled with industrialization has increased the volume of waste being generated and also impacting the environment negatively, thus the knowledge of modern and sustainable waste management technologies are needed in this contemporary world.
By the end of this course, the student should be able to:
Identify the key legislation and policy for waste management and their implications for waste management practices
Equipped to carry out waste management design or waste management technology selection including recycling, composting, anaerobic digestion, thermal technology and landfill in a specific water management context.
Acquire skills for evaluation of both resource and energy recovery from waste, and environmental impact from common waste management practices
Provide skills, techniques and processes required to effectively communicate your ideas to team members, professionals and lay persons.
A student completing the course is expected to:
Characterize solid waste management: Waste quantity and quality generation of waste per capita and region; Composition of waste; small scale industry waste, organic agricultural waste (some specific cases as examples).
Outlining waste collection and transport: collection of mixed wastes of source separated wastes, collection logistics, transfer stations, machine park planning, subcontractors, (Public-Private Partnership (PPP).
Explain treatment/ disposal technologies: Open dumping, sanitary landfills, mechanical- biological treatment, incineration, anaerobic digestion, composting, waste-to-energy combustion facility processes; recycling of plastics, metals, paper, batteries; e-waste, Green House Gas emission and emission modeling, CDM, energy recovery.
Analyze Financial, social and institutional aspects, cost of collection, separation, management; equipment costs; social costs, Stakeholders, Scavengers, public health issues, policy and legislation.