Courses Catalogue

Conservation Planning And Management

ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Environmental Science
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Natural and Applied Sciences
STATUS: Elective
PROGRAMME TYPE: Postgraduate

Course Description

The course covers threats faced by different species of biodiversity, IUCN conservation categories; examples of species in each category; different approaches to conservation; priority setting in nature reserve design; island biogeography theory; advantages and disadvantages of national parks conservation areas and game corridors; Human-wildlife conflict; different methods used to minimize human-wildlife conflict; molecular approaches in natural resource conservation and management.


Ecosystems are losing their value at a fast rate yet the universe cannot survive without them. This course will therefore guide the students to appreciate the major eco-regions of the world and learn how to promote their conservation.


By the end of this course, the student should be able to:

  • Discuss the implications of human population explosion on biodiversity
  • Describe the characteristics of the world’s ecoregions
  • Explain the criteria for placing different species in the IUCN conservation categories.
  • Explain the island biogeography theory and how it relates to nature reserve design.
  • Explain the causes of Human-wildlife conflict. Discuss the different approaches to mitigate human wildlife conflict
  • Discuss how molecular genetic approaches can be integrated in natural resource conservation and management.


A doctoral student completing the course is expected to:

  • Demonstrate understanding of ecological and environmental principles required for management of natural resources for multiple-uses, including (but not limited to) wildlife habitat, water management, ecosystems services, recreation, and livestock production;
  • Describe how natural resource management fits into the context of society and how societal factors (e.g., economics, policy, laws, regulations, attitudes, behaviors, norms) influence natural resource management;
  • Lead and work with others as appropriate to successfully manage natural resources;
  • Demonstrate appropriate use of natural resource field & Lab techniques as well as contemporary technology;
  • Analyze and critically evaluate data and other information;
  • Effectively communicate (both written and orally) with both scientific and non-scientific audiences; and
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the professional and ethical responsibility that is necessary for a natural resource manager.
  • Discuss policies, laws and institutions relevant to conservation of biological diversity
  • Prepare general management plans, operational plans, site plans, finance planning etc for protected area management
  • Discuss the principles and need for integrated regional planning and international cooperation in conservation practice.
  • Describe conservation issues in and outside protected areas including ex-situ in-situ conservation, agrobiodiversity conservation, traditional knowledge system conservation etc.