Courses Catalogue

Ecophysiology And Biomonitoring

ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Environmental Science, PhD
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
STATUS: Elective
PROGRAMME TYPE: Postgraduate

Course Content and Outline

  1. Ecological adaptations of plants through photosynthesis and respiration, C3,C4, CAM systems of photosynthetic assimilation and their ecological adaptive significance. (4 Hours)
  2. Response of plants to high and low temperature stress, physiological assessment of high and low temperature effect, photochemical changes.              (4 Hours)
  3. Response of plants to irradiance, adaptation to high light intensity and low light intensity, physiological mechanism in shade loving plants, effect of spectral qualities UVB effect and response, UVB and ozone depletion.        (4 Hours)
  4. Plants and water deficit : Soil – Plant – atmosphere continuum, soil and plant water, soil water potential, field capacity, permanent wilting percentage, plant water potential, relative water content water deficit and physiological response, xerophytes and draught tolerance, mechanism of draught tolerance. Ecosystem water balance, methods of measuring water balance.         (6 Hours)
  5. Ecological adaptation to water logging, physicochemical characteristics of wet soils adaptations to wet land environment, exclusion, provision of air space, anaerobic metabolism and other adaptation to water logging genetic basis of tolerance.     (5 Hours)
  6. Response of stomata to environmental stress effect of SO2, NOx and other atmospheric pollution.       (4 Hours)
  7. Avoidance of ecological adversities in plants and animals, indicators of ecosystems response and recovery to adversities.       (4 Hours)
  8. Ecological engineering biological and geochemical aspects, Biological engineering of marine tailing beds, reclamation of mined area and maintenance of biodiversity.(4 Hours)
  9. Bio deteriorating organisms their role in bio-deterioration, their use as monitoring system of environmental degradation.      (4 Hours)
  10. Eco-toxicology : problems and approach, ion toxicity in plants and animals salt affected soils, sodic, cellulose and acid soils, and their interaction with plants, culture and reclamation methods, heavy metals in atmosphere in water bodies in soil and interaction of plants with them, Hyper-saline environment and biomonitoring through bacteria, yeast, cyanobacteria, harvesting saline and arid soil.        (6 Hours)


The course is largely participatory in nature; it includes lectures and tutorials. Students are required to make presentations (either individually or in groups) on assigned readings and a critical analysis of those readings. Additionally, the following delivery modes shall also be used:

  • Lectures/Seminars
  • Reading assignments
  • Revision tutorials/ self studies
  • Demonstrations/documentaries and video material when appropriate
  • Practical assignments
  • Computer design laboratories
  • A web site with access to in-depth materials
  • Field trips/case studies


  • Whiteboard and Markers
  • Flip Charts
  • LCD Projectors
  • CDs, DVDs and Tapes