Courses Catalogue

Biodiversity Legislation, Policy And Patenting

ACADEMIC PROGRAMME: Environmental Science, PhD
COLLEGE/SCHOOL/FACULTY: School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
PROGRAMME TYPE: Postgraduate

Course Content and Outline

Unit 1: Basic Concepts of Biodiversity                                                       (8 Hours)

  • Describe, comprehend and evaluate issues in biodiversity within the context of the major concepts in biodiversity at various spatial and temporal scales.
  • Variation in species and perform biodiversity sampling methods and analysis utilizing data from real collections or surveys.

Unit 2: Forest, Wildlife and Biodiversity related laws                              (8 Hours)

  • Evolution and Jurisprudence of Forest and Wildlife laws; Colonial forest policies; Forest policies after independence Statutory framework on Forests, Wildlife and Biodiversity: IFA,1927; WLPA, 1972; FCA, 1980; Biological Diversity Act, 2002; Forest Rights Act, 2006.
  • Strategies for conservation

Unit 3:  International Environmental law                                                  (8 Hours)

  • An introduction to International law; sources of international law; law of treaties; signature, ratification Evolution of international environmental law: Customary principles; Common but differentiated responsibility, Polluter pays.
  • Legal approaches to managing global commons

Unit 4: Legal approaches to managing global biodiversity                       (8 Hours)

  • Defining Diversity Management
  • Diversity Management Paradigms
  • The Impetus for Implementing Diversity Management
  • Characteristics and Limitations of Diversity Management

Unit 5: Legal approaches to managing natural resources                        (8 Hours)

  • Overview of conceptual issues and approaches
  • Decentralization and changing role of the state
  • Markets as a form of natural resource allocation
  • Role of NGOs and civil society in Natural Resource Management

Unit 6: Environmental regulation: past, present and future                   (8 Hours)

  • Basics of Environmental Regulations
  • International Environmental Laws and Standard Organizations
  • Environmental Regulations and Standards in USA
  • Environmental Regulations and Standards in UK
  • Environmental Laws and Regulations in Asia, China
  • Environmental Laws and Regulations in selected African countries

Unit 7: Environmental policy and planning                                               (6 Hours)

  • Roots of Environmental Policy making
  • National Environmental Policymaking System
  • Introduction to environmental Planning
  • Areas of Environmental Planning
  • Environmental Planning as Technical Practice
  • Environmental Planning as Social Interaction
  • City Planning and Smart growth
  • Watershed and Ecosystem Management
  • Bringing Society and Nature Together Sustainably

Unit 8: Politico-economic aspects of environmental legislation and policy formulation        (6 Hours)

  • Big issues facing environmental policy concepts in environmental economics and the economic issues related to a large range of environmental problems
  • Economic interests, social and political values, bureaucratic styles, ideologies, elections,


The course is largely participatory in nature; it includes lectures and tutorials. Students are required to make presentations (either individually or in groups) on assigned readings and a critical analysis of those readings. Additionally, the following delivery modes shall also be used:

  • Lectures/Seminars
  • Reading assignments
  • Revision tutorials/ self studies
  • Demonstrations/documentaries and video material when appropriate
  • Practical assignments
  • Computer design laboratories
  • A web site with access to in-depth materials
  • Field trips/case studies


  • Whiteboard and Markers
  • Flip Charts
  • LCD Projectors
  • CDs, DVDs and Tapes